Architecture, Construction

The Most Common Construction Site Risks

The Most Common Construction Site Risks

Construction sites are quite notorious for safety hazards. With all the heavy machinery, tools, height, and depth involved, it’s highly likely to fall prey to any minor or serious risks. When it comes to construction sites, safety is always the best policy given all the human life involved. This is why we have compiled a list of common construction site risks that will help you minimize the chances of mishaps and accidents. Before we discuss the hazards and their prevention in detail, let us quickly go through the list of safety equipment that every on-site worker should wear.

Must-have safety equipment on site:

  •       Safety helmets
  •       Safety goggles and face shield
  •       Gloves
  •       High visibility fluorescent jackets/vests
  •       Earmuffs
  •       Harnesses
  •       Safety footwear like boots

Now let’s dive deep into 5 common construction site risks:


  1. Working on high-rise buildings

The construction site workers have a much greater risk of potential falls and serious physical injuries than any other worker. Laborers are usually perched on top of the high-rise apartments, corporate buildings and multi-storey houses either to transport bricks, use concrete and cement on ceilings, set up panels of glass or shove wheelbarrows. According to the Health and Safety Guidelines of Pakistan Poverty Alleviation Fund (PPAF), workers who are exposed to hazards like falling at construction sites must be protected by guard rail, temporary floors, capture platforms and safety nets especially in below mentioned conditions:

  • The work surface or platform is above 1.8m in height.
  • The work platform is slippery
  • A vertical break of 48.2 cm exists. In such a case, an access route must be provided.
  • When the trolley is used at a certain height, harnesses, ropes and helmets are required.
  1. Working with moving objects

Fast-paced mobility on Best construction sites can pose a serious threat within seconds. When heavy cranes hover mid air and machinery is lifted overhead, everyone needs to be extra cautious. Following are a few measures that can help:

  • Avoid close proximity with heavy objects
  • If a machinery appears destabilized, report immediately to the concerned person.
  • High-visibility jackets must be worn all the times
  1. Eye injuries

One of the biggest hazards of construction sites is eye injuries. Eye injuries can occur due to prolonged working on welding projects or coming in contact with harmful materials. Over time, there are micro dust particles in abundance present on site. They can also lead to eyesight issues such as irritation or infection. Some necessary precautionary measures include the following:

  • Wearing eye goggles and face shields to protect the eyes from flying sparks and molten metal pieces.
  • Remove combustible material from the vicinity of the welding area.
  1. Hand arm vibration syndrome or the blue finger

Hand and arms syndrome (HVAS) is a quite painful disorder. It is preventable but once it occurs, it can’t be cured. This disorder damages the blood vessels, nerves and joints. Prolonged usage of hand-held power tools such as vibrational equipment are the main culprit behind this disorder. This disorder triggers severe pain in fingers, therefore it is also known as blue finger syndrome. It leads to inability to work in cold temperatures or do any hand-work. Following precautionary measures can be taken for prevention:

  • Properly inspect vibrational devices before using
  •  Wear safety gloves while working with hand-held machinery.
  1. Electrocution

Work in the vicinity of power lines and cables is a great threat to on site workers. Workers who are not authorized to work as an electrician should not be subject to places where electrical work is involved. Security training must be mandatory for all workers to deal with electrical equipment. Conduction materials should be kept away from power lines. Following are some precautions:

  • Transformer banks and high voltage devices must be protected against unauthorized access
  • Make a sketch of electricity of power distribution and provide it to each worker on site. The sketch must highlight voltage locations, and ways to disconnect the power source.
  • The live parts of the electrical wiring must be protected
  • Avoid using frayed, oil-soaked or patched electric cords
  1. Hearing impairment

Excessive noise is a prevalent problem at construction sites. It’s also the one that’s frequently ignored, owing to its lack of shock value.  The effects take time to develop, as compared to a fall or other comparable mishaps, where you can observe the results instantly. This distinction, however, does not make noise pollution on construction sites any less deadly. If a person has hearing impairments as a result of excessive noise at work, they are already at risk of many deadly incidents due to their inability to hear correctly.

To avoid harm, take the following precautions:

  • Protect ears with ear muffs
  • Avoid sources of excessive noise
  • Conduct a noise assessment on a regular basis

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