Architecture, Construction

The Different Types of Architectural Plans Used in Construction

The Different Types of Architectural Plans Used in Construction

Are you planning to hire an architect or an interior designer for your house plan? Before you move forward, it’s important to figure out what type of architectural plan best suits your needs. The architectural plan of your house can vary. It can be full of technicalities or based on mere aesthetics. In the end, it depends upon the specific goal you have in mind. It’s time to take a brief look at seven different types of architectural plans that are commonly used: 

Floor Plan :

A floor plan is the most basic and crucial type of architectural plan. A floor plan maps out the entire structure of the house with neat divisions. It gives you a better idea of how your house will be categorized into various rooms, windows, hallway, and passage. A floor plan typically appears like an aerial view of the house. Floor plans can be divided into different types as well. One of the common types of floor plans is a 2D floor plan that includes specifications such as measurements of the walls, height, and width, etc. 


Floor plans set the basis of building plans. You can also opt for a 2D version of the floor cum furniture plan, highlighting the furniture placement apart from divisions. A 2D floor cum furniture plan is less focused on the measurements and more inclined towards mapping out the furniture in individual rooms and spaces. With the advancement of technology, 3D floor plans have kicked in. If you opt for a 3D floor plan, you will get a layout of the measurements and furniture placement and the look and feel of the finished house. It will also help you to compare different furniture pieces. 


Site plans :

Similar to the floor plan, a site plan is used for mapping the entire building. However, it is different in terms of presentation. It is usually a vertical drawing representing an entire building, either a single house or an apartment complex. With site plans, it is easy to compare how different buildings will compare to each other. Site plans also revolve around measurements and specifications. Instead of listing down measurements, a site plan visually uniformly presents the whole structure. 


Reflective ceiling plans :

Reflective ceiling plans are the exact opposite of floor plans. Reflective ceiling plans are used for laying out the specifications of ceilings. If you look at a reflective ceiling plan, it will appear like the upside-down version of the floor plan. This type of architectural plan can be both simple and detailed, depending upon your requirements. It can be detailed, especially when architectural details like vaulted ceilings need to be highlighted. Some of the reflective ceiling plans may also include detailed features like highlightings of the placement of light fixtures, wiring or switches. 


Millwork drawings :

Millwork drawings are used to highlight the intricacies of the building structure. It is commonly used for furniture and cabinets. Millwork drawings are based on precision. They have the precise details of every little piece of the in-product construction, down to the last screw. 

Architectural Design

Exterior elevation plan:

As the name suggests, the exterior elevation plan layouts the exterior of the building. Before construction, it is important to have a better idea of the interior division and what the exterior would appear like once finished. This is exactly the job that exterior elevation plans perform. You can opt for either a 2D or 3D version. 


The 2D version typically highlights the measurements and represents the synergy of various exterior elements like doors and lights. A 2D exterior elevation plan may also include features like where each construction material will be used. 

On the other hand, the 3D version is a more graphic image of the exterior. It showcases the realistic appearance of the building after completion. 


Interior elevation plan :

The Interior elevation plan is similar to the exterior elevation plan. This type of plan is used for the representation of baseboard, windows, crown molding and furnishing. Interior elevation plans are highly useful when it comes to constructing a kitchen or bathroom, which requires a visual layout of specific built-in features. This plan can also be made in 2D or 3D. However, 2D plans are rarely used. 3D plans are more extensively used for mapping out interior elevation. The 3D plan highlights the realistic appearance of the rendered furnishing or products.

Exterior elevation plan

Landscape plan :

No construction plan is complete without a landscape plan. Designing the interior and exterior is just a grain of salt. A landscape plan will help you see the bigger picture. A landscape plan can represent all elements from sideways to entry passage: your small garden or the fountain in the backyard. Landscape plans are typically used for laying out the specifications of green spaces. A well-designed landscape plan will also highlight the landscape design of the neighborhood. 


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